This guide is based on Recurring Tasks provided by Gebsun Software. Please make sure that Recurring Tasks plugin is installed in your Jira first.
Depending on your needs, the built-in Default Checklist feature might be a better solution to add the checklist automatically to newly created issues.
The guide works for Classic projects only. Next-gen projects are too limited at the moment.
When creating recurring task (or editing existing), please find "Checklist Text" field in the Create/Edit dialog and put checklist value into the field as shown on the screenshot below:
Checklist Text custom field uses textual representation of checklist.